Flying Foxes & Bats of Canada

Of Eastern Canada, the Eastern Pipistrelle is the smallest of Canada’s indigenous bat species in the area. It is also known to have a habitat range of Southern Ontario, the Southernmost parts of Quebec, most of Nova Scotia and part of New Brunswick, and is a tricoloured bat, with a grey base, yellow body and tipped with brown in fur color. They migrate to caves as hibernaculums in both late summer and early autumn and are decidedly slow flyers, preferring slow rivers and adjacent forests and woodlands of the area.

Also native to Eastern Canada is the Eastern Small-footed bat, who is one of the smallest North American bats known, and is one of the least common in Canada. Its range is restricted to deciduous and coniferous forests and it is a cold-tolerant bat. It enters hibernation later than most other species (usually late November or early December) and is identified by slow and erratic flight.

Of Western Canada, the California myotis, Fringed myotis, Keen’s myotis, Long-eared myotis, Long-legged myotis, Western big-eared bat, Western small-footed bat and Yuma myotis reside there. Many of these species are found in British Columbia and some both British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan.

Flying Foxes

Flying foxes, which are fruit bats, vary largely in species native to Australia, typically rain forests. Many prefer their roosts as eucalyptus trees. Of the many species of fruit bats, their breeds include;



Animal Anatomy 2 (continued)

The skeletal anatomy of many types of animals are useful to study, as perhaps knowing what types of flexibility and bones they posses is liable for knowing what they are capable of being used for.

The anatomy of cats and dogs shows that they are flexible enough to twist sideways, whereas horses are not quite as capable of maintaining such feats. The anatomy of different species of mammal, reptile, amphibian, fish, bird and insect all show that, as they are all positioned with difference and posses different bones in different places, whether or not convenient, they lack and posses certain capabilities.

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These vintage animal drawings depict the anatomy of both horses and dogs

Because animals posses certain abilities to enable them to adapt to their surroundings, they are capable of a good many things that are seen through the study of animal anatomy. For sea life, they are provided with fins and flippers and the muscles and bones that propel them and enable them to move properly with working joints. For land animals and for birds, the muscles and bones that work wings and other various parts of the body must work in the exactly proper way, or else any small mistake among the joints and bones could make it impossible to work limbs even enough to somehow make use of them.

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The anatomy of birds, horses, oxen, fish and dolphins 


The Tasmanian Tiger

Thylacines, also known as Tasmanian tigers, or Tasmanian wolves, are extinct carnivorous marsupials, the last of whom died in the Hobart zoo on the 7th of September, 1936. The closest living relatives are thought to be either the Tasmanian devil, or the numbat.

Thylacine family at zoo.

Because of the fact that they were decidedly extraordinary animals, they were hunted day and night for their fur or captured to be exhibited at the zoo, for these creatures were known to have jaws flexible enough that, as their main diet was primarily believed to be kangaroos, wombats and wallabies, they could swallow a small kangaroo joey.

Thylacine yawning. See degrees of jaw flexibility. 

Thylacines’ main relations are numbats, dunnarts, wambengers and quolls (see the Study of Quolls, a former post).


The Study of Quolls

Quolls are carnivorous and primarily nocturnal marsupials native to mainland Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea. Two other species are known from the remains of fossils in Queensland. Quolls have evolved around 15 million years ago and are largely solitary, coming together for quite few social interactions with each other.

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Eastern Quoll illustration. 

All species of quoll include the Bronze, Western, New Guinean, Eastern, Tiger, and Northern Quolls, and all are related to Phascogale (wambenger), Sminthopsis (dunnart), Myrmecobius (numbat), and Thylacine (thylacine).

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Bronze Quoll illustration.

Quolls are primarily carnivorous, and Cane toads have proved a significant threat to Northern quolls, who may die after consuming these poisonous amphibians since they were introduced to Queensland in 1935.



Horses are odd-toed ungulate mammals of one of the two extant subspecies of equus ferus. Horses in the subspecies caballus are domesticated. More than 300 breeds of horses are known in the world today.

Horses are used for a variety of tasks and their typical lifespan is primarily the length of 25 to 30 years of age.

The distinction between horses (equus caballus) and ponies (equus ferus caballus), though ponies are taxonomically the same animals, is typically the basis of height, though it may hold aspects of phenotype for the different breeds.

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Horses exhibit wide varieties of coat colors, and the average amount of bones in a horse’s skeletal anatomy is 205.

A horse’s diet consists mainly of grass and hay and other such related vegetation as well as oats. They are herbivorous by nature and their diet rejects meat.

Their top speeds reach approximately 27 mph, and horses possess four basic gaits, the four beat walk, two beat trot, three beat canter, and the gallop.


Study of Jackals

Jackals are omnivorous animals of the genus canis, with features similar to that of the coyote (canis latran) but much smaller in size.

There are three species of jackal, the Black-backed jackal and Side-striped jackal, both native to Sub-Saharan Africa, and the Golden jackal from South-central Eurasia. Jackals are known to be crepuscular (meaning they are primarily active at twilight, the periods of dawn and dusk), and are capable of maintaining speeds that go up to 9. 9 mph for extended periods of  time.

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All species of jackal are varyingly related to various breeds of wolf, coyote, African wild dog, dhole and domesticated dogs.

Their curved canine teeth are adapted to hunting primarily small species of mammal, bird and reptile.

Jackals’ most common groups are monogamous pairs and not commonly the average amount of citizens in other packs, such as those of wolves (canis lupus).

Animal Racing

Animal racing has been common for years, this including most commonly horse racing, greyhound racing, ostrich racing, camel racing, and even pigeon racing.

The horse racing is an equestrian sport that includes flat racing, endurance racing, harness racing, and steeplechasing. Steeplechasing included horses having to leap over obstacles such as ditches and fences as they raced. Flat racing mostly consists of racing over a level racecourse, while endurance riding is based on longer distances to cover.

Greyhound racing consists of greyhounds as they are well known as the fastest canines and second fastest land animals.

Ostrich and camel racing are much rarer forms of racing and less well known among most places where other mentioned races are common.

Pigeon racing is a sport including releasing well trained pigeons who return to their homes through covering a carefully measured distance to arrive there.